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How to use learning programs to attract and retain Gen Z | Deep Dive - HR Dive

Gen Z knows what it wants and what it's worth — and employers that don't make opportunities for growth explicit may fail to land new hires, summarizes Riia O’Donnell, Human Resource professional.

Photo: Pexels
Attracting talent is a task on the top of HR professionals' to-do lists these days. Job seekers, particularly young workers, know their worth, and they're looking for organizations that know it as well — so to attract talent, opportunity has to be obvious, both in the short-term and the long-term.

Gen Zers are typically classified as those born in or after 1996. Tech savvy and values-driven, these workers seek out transparency and clear career progression from their future employers, various experts have said. To attract and retain Gen Zers, Susan Hanold, VP Strategic Advisory Services at ADP, suggested that recruiters should work alongside their L&D colleagues to see success.

"Learning and professional development can play a key part in attracting Gen Z," she said in an email. "Gen Z is a digital generation with an entrepreneurial mindset."...

Keeping the train on track 
Leaders play an important role in encouraging young workers to think about their long-term career, Hanold said, so mentorships are key. To keep new hires engaged and motivated during their first year, outline a clear linear career path for entry-level recruits so they understand where they will start, what short term goals to meet, skills they will acquire through onboarding and where new hires tend to end up in a year. A good way to demonstrate this is to showcase new hire alumni and their successes, she added.
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Source: HR Dive

A University's Online M.B.A. Is Less Expensive -- and Purposely Different | Digital Learning - Inside Higher Ed

Doug Lederman, editor and co-founder of Inside Higher Ed reports, Boston University's new online business degree is $24,000 for a reason. Unlike on-campus program, it has no electives and is aimed at a different audience.

Photo: iStock
Many of the universities that have created lower-priced online graduate programs in recent years have gone out of their way to make the case that the digital versions are equivalent to their (more expensive) in-person equivalents.

"Online students learn from the same faculty and take the same courses as those on campus in Atlanta," Georgia Institute of Technology states in describing the online version of its master of science in cybersecurity degree.

"Yes, this is the same degree as the on-campus M.B.A. degree, and after successfully completing the degree requirements you will be part of the Illinois alumni network," the University of Illinois's Gies School of Business says in the FAQ for its online M.B.A. offered with Coursera. (Gies went so far as to end its on-campus program after this year.)

Boston University makes no such promises about its new online master's in business administration degree in conjunction with edX, which will cost $24,000 compared to tuition and fees of $56,000-plus for its in-person, full-time version (more than $76,000 with room and board)...

Reconsidering What's in the M.B.A.
As BU and Questrom were dabbling with various forms of digital learning, they were also re-evaluating the nature of business education, through a series of global and regional conversations called the Business Education Jam.

The discussions, which involved other business education organizations as well, involved several thousand academics and business professionals around the question of what business education should look like in the 21st century. And the bottom-line answer, Fournier said, is that it "looks very different from our current core M.B.A.," especially for the group she calls "global learners."
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Related link
BU Questrom Online MBA To Launch Fall 2020 by Boston University Questrom School of Business. 

Source: Inside Higher Ed

UGC to roll out NET for admission for M Phil, PhD | National - Deccan Herald

All higher education institutions across the country will soon have to enroll all category of students in PhD programmes on the basis of their scores in entrance test and interview, continues DH News Service, Deccan Herald.

The University Grants Commission (UGC).
Photo: File The University Grants Commission (UGC) is in the process of making it mandatory for all higher education institutions to follow the two-step process for selection of students for M Phill and PhD programmes.

With the enforcement of the revised rules, the national eligibility test (NET) qualified research scholars and those with M Phill degree will also have to clear both the entrance test and the interview... 

In the revised UGC (Minimum Standards and Procedure for Award of M Phil/PhD Degrees) Regulations formulated by a committee of experts, the commission has proposed to roll out a national entrance test for M Phil and PhD programmes.
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Source: Deccan Herald

8 Ways To Spot A Fake Data Scientist | Opinions - Analytics India Magazine

Data science is one of the fanciest jobs of the decade and there are a lot of people who are looking to call themselves data scientists even if that means they do not have the actual skills, according to Srishti Deoras, currently works as Associate Editor for Analytics India Magazine.

Photo: Analytics India MagazineHowever, it makes hiring data scientists a tedious job as there is no shortage of fake resumes floating around who are looking to get the role. The fraud also stems out from the fact that the job descriptions are not properly understood. This makes many people think that they are data scientists — just because they deal with data. 

To keep away from fake data scientists and hire only real data scientists, it is important for recruiters to be educated about the difference between roles like data scientist, data analyst, data engineers and others. It is also important for them to ask the right questions and keep an eye on some of the points discussed below to spot a fake data scientist. Here are some pointers:
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Source: Analytics India Magazine

Colleges Don’t Want ‘Free College’ | Commentary - Independent Institute

Originally published in Forbes Mon. August 12, 2019. 
Several internet sites, especially The College Fix, have noticed something: most colleges are conspicuously silent about either the Warren or Sanders proposals for free college, says Richard K. Vedder, Senior Fellow at the Independent Institute, Distinguished Emeritus Professor of Economics at Ohio University.

Photo: courtesy of Stuart Miles at FreeDigitalPhotos.netThis may seem odd, as most institutions of higher education and their national spokespersons (e.g, Terry Hartle of the American Council of Education) are not known to be shrinking violets. Why the reticence about commenting on something so fundamentally important to higher education?

There are several potential reasons. First, these are simply proposals of candidates for president, persons who may not be nominated, much less elected. Colleges should stay out of public policy brouhahas, so silence is the appropriate response. Saying something good, or bad, about, say, Bernie Sanders’s proposal might imply institutional support or opposition to his nomination, and universities should be neutral marketplaces of ideas, not proponents of positions, particularly since institutions of higher learning in reality are a melange of students, faculty, staff, alumni and friends of wildly varying political persuasions. I find it offensive when some university president signs, for example, a document supporting efforts to combat climate change in which he proclaims an institutional position.

However, there is a more fundamental and crass reason colleges are silent: free college is potentially a nightmare for schools. Most universities earn a large portion of their revenue from tuition fees, and “free college” implies ending those fees...

What to do? My guess is that individuals will support the Democratic Party nominee heavily in the 2020 campaign but largely remain silent on collegiate funding issues. After the election, if the Democrat wins, college presidents and lobbyists will endorse greater higher education funding of a traditional nature—large increases in Pell Grants, more liberalized student loan terms—but scuttle efforts for truly “free college.”
Read more... 

Recommended Reading
 
Restoring the Promise
Higher Education in America

Source: Independent Institute

A Jordan Bookseller’s 24-Hour ‘Emergency Room for the Mind’ | Stories - Atlas Obscura

At his bookstore in Amman, Hamzeh AlMaaytah administers life-affirming literature by Shira Telushkin.

Hamzeh perusing volumes under the bookstore tent in Amman.
Photo: Hussein AlazaatHamzeh AlMaaytah rarely sleeps, but when he does, it’s usually on the mattress hidden behind a screen in the back of his bookshop. Hamzeh, 36, is one of Amman’s most dedicated bookshop owners, and certainly its most eccentric. He tends to leap instead of walk, is prone to poetic pronouncements, and speaks most often in Fusha, the literary form of Arabic, rather than the Jordanian dialect typically used for daily speech. He reveres the written word. In response to text messages or Facebook posts he will send back a picture of his handwritten answer. “There is so much intimacy and knowledge in the handwriting of a friend,” he says, bemoaning that his practice has yet to catch on.
A fourth-generation book owner, Hamzeh describes his work as a calling. “I run an emergency room for the mind,” he explains, while sipping coffee near the entrance of the shop late one morning. He wants to ensure there is always a place in Jordan where one can access the healing power of books, no matter the hour or the price. Hence the mattress in the back. Hamzeh keeps his store open 24/7, a practice he inherited from his father, who moved the family bookstore from Jerusalem to Amman before the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. He’ll occasionally get late-night relief from two former employees, a pair of Syrian brothers who fled their native Homs. All of his prices are negotiable, and he has both a generous loan policy and a robust book exchange program, where patrons can swap any book they bring in for one in the store.
The shop, al-Maa Bookstore or Mahall al-Maa in Arabic, is nestled right against the ancient Roman Nymphaeum public water fountain, down the way from the Grand Husseini Mosque and the local Sugar Market, on a street that was once the Amman River...

As the afternoon winds down, an older man walks in, blind in his right eye. He is looking for books for his three children. Hamzeh springs into action, grabbing books from shelves and expertly teasing out volumes from piles around the store. The man considers the stacks and finally chooses a few novels. He hesitatingly proffers some bills. Hamzeh accepts at once, encouraging him to return when he needs more. “Here on the shelves, the books are dead. The most important thing is that the children read them,” he says.
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Source: Atlas Obscura

Millions of Books Are Secretly in the Public Domain. You Can Download Them Free | Books - VICE

A quirk of copyright law means that millions of books are now free for anyone to read, thanks to some work from the New York Public Library, inform Matthew Gault, VICE.

Free books!
Photo: Getty ImagesEveryone is paying for books when they don’t have to. There’s so many ways to read almost anything ever published, for free, that it borders on the obscene. Libraries: They’re good! Sure, if you want the latest release from your favorite author you either have to pay or wait for a copy from the library, but for millions of older books, you can get a digital version, legally, for free. One secret of the publishing industry is that most American books published before 1964 never extended their copyright, meaning they’re in the public domain today...

In a massive undertaking, the NYPL converted the registration and copyright information into an XML format. Now, the old copyrights are searchable and we know when, and if, they were renewed. Around 80 percent of all the books published from 1923 to 1964 are in the public domain, and lots of people had no idea until now.
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Source: VICE

21 Computer Science Books For Beginners | Nonfiction - Book Riot

Laura Diaz de Arce, South Florida writer insist, We aren’t quite at Matrix levels of AI yet (keyword: “yet”), but computer fluency and computer science are continuous growth industries.


Computer science, in the most general terms, is the study of how computers function, including how it works on an engineering sense, but also how it works in a societal sense. It’s a wide-ranging and diverse field that includes the mechanics of computers (hardware, programming, etc.) to the ethics of it and our relationship to computers. There is hardly a field that does not use computer science. For a lot of people, pursuing computer science, either as a career or as a skill, can seem daunting. Not to fear, though! We’ve rounded up some must-read computer science books to help get you started!

This article is broken down into three sections for your convenience: Learning to Code, Reference and Theory, and a Bonus section. You also don’t have to take my word for this information; I consulted with Dr. David Dittman, who holds a PhD in computer science with a focus on data mining and bioinformatics [1].

As a quick note on diversity: this list is not as diverse as it should be. Many seminal texts from four decades ago on coding are still used industry-wise. Those were largely made by a small population. We want to assure you that computer science is a vibrant field with people of all ethnicities, genders, abilities, and orientations.
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Source: Book Riot

In Honor Of Book Lovers Day, Here Are The Books Our Editors Loved This Year | Home & Living - HuffPost

Including the book that once boasted a 1,700-person waitlist at the New York Public Library by Brittany Nims, HuffPost's manager of commerce affiliate content and strategy. 

Photo: Alexander Spatari via Getty ImagesIt’s the most lit(erary) of days today because it’s National Book Lovers Day. In honor of this most bookish of occasions, we’ve pulled together a list of HuffPost writers and editors’ favorite reads of the year, including one rec that once boasted a 1,700-person waitlist at the New York Public Library.
For anyone whose to-read list isn’t already booked up, below are some of the best books our editors have thumbed through so far this year.
Take a look:Read more...

Source: HuffPost

12 New Books We Recommend This Week | Book Review - New York Times

Follow on Twitter as @GregoryCowlesSuggested reading from critics and editors at The New York Times by Gregory Cowles, Senior Editor, Books. 

The anthropologist Franz Boas — he’s the central figure in Charles King’s new book, “Gods of the Upper Air,” below — was more interested in similarities than in differences, ever alert to the things that united human cultures. So maybe he would find a common theme among the 12 titles we recommend this week. Me, I’ll just note how wildly varied they are (an anthology of reporting by Arab women, a study of Supreme Court politics, a gay coming-of-age memoir, a punctuation history and a biography of Confederate sisters, along with King’s book and half a dozen disparate novels), and happily remember the slogan I first saw on a banner at a church carnival years ago: Strength through diversity.
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Source: New York Times 

Mathematics as a technology unites sectors and creates innovation | Digital - Innovation Origins

“The future depends on the combination of humanities and mathematics.” That’s what Janne Brok, director of Sioux Lime, says.

Photo: Sioux LimeThe company uses mathematics as a technology for optimizing processes. A broad field where different sectors come together. “Innovations start at the intersections between sectors, but especially when it comes to the cooperation between alpha’s and beta’s.”

Sioux Lime, a subsidiary of the service provider Sioux, focuses exclusively on mathematics as a technology. They support companies in various sectors, from logistics to artificial intelligence. According to Janne Brok, the market for the so-called Mathware is continuing to grow every day. “For example, a customer wants to boost the speed of their machine. Then it is possible to rotate the dial so that the machine runs faster, but at some point some components will break down. We are able to use mathematical formulas in order to find out precisely where things go wrong and rectify any problems.”

Mathware is also able to contribute on the basis of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence en machine learning. “For instance, we have developed an application that allows asbestos particles in samples to be detected more quickly,” Brok explains. “Now, highly educated people are sitting in laboratories all day long looking at images in order to detect asbestos. Machine learning can help with the initial selection. This way, photos can be disregarded that definitely do not show asbestos. That saves a lot of time. It helps to make the process more reliable, cheaper and faster.”...

Service Provider
Sioux Lime started out as one of the departments at the Faculty of Mathematics at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e). “There is a lot of academic knowledge available on how to improve processes. However, this is still relatively little used. As a result, there are many opportunities for making products and processes cheaper, faster or better,” Brok says. “Sioux Lime was founded as a service provider in that specific area.” It fits in seamlessly with the services of Sioux, its parent company. These mainly concentrate on software, mechatronics and electronics. “At Lime, the focus is entirely on mathematics as a technology. It can be used across all markets,” she explains.
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Source: Innovation Origins

The brain inspires a new type of artificial intelligence | EurekAlert

Though the brain is a very slow machine, its capabilities exceed typical state-of-the-art, ultrafast artificial intelligence algorithms; hence, a revolution in deep learning must emerge, as experimentally and theoretically demonstrated by physicists.

Processing an event with multiple objects. A synchronous input where all objects are presented simultaneously to a computer (left), versus an asynchronous input where objects are presented with temporal order to the brain (right).
Photo: Prof. Ido KanterIn an article published today in the journal Scientific Reports, the researchers rebuild the bridge between neuroscience and advanced artificial intelligence algorithms that has been left virtually useless for almost 70 years. 

Machine learning, introduced 70 years ago, is based on evidence of the dynamics of learning in our brain. Using the speed of modern computers and large data sets, deep learning algorithms have recently produced results comparable to those of human experts in various applicable fields, but with different characteristics that are distant from current knowledge of learning in neuroscience.

Using advanced experiments on neuronal cultures and large scale simulations, a group of scientists at Bar-Ilan University in Israel has demonstrated a new type of ultrafast artifical intelligence algorithms -- based on the very slow brain dynamics -- which outperform learning rates achieved to date by state-of-the-art learning algorithms...

The new study demonstrates that ultrafast learning rates are surprisingly identical for small and large networks. Hence, say the researchers, "the disadvantage of the complicated brain's learning scheme is actually an advantage". Another important finding is that learning can occur without learning steps through self-adaptation according to asynchronous inputs. This type of learning-without-learning occurs in the dendrites, several terminals of each neuron, as was recently experimentally observed. In addition, network dynamics under dendritic learning are governed by weak weights which were previously deemed insignificant.
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Source: EurekAlert

How Machine Learning helps in Enhancing Personalisation | Machine Learning - Analytics Insight

Harnessing the monstrous capability of artificial intelligence to excel in business is never again a fantastical pipe dream, as Analytics Insight reports.

Photo: Analytics Insight
Numerous organizations have effectively found this, and as innovation propels at a rapid rate, it’s reasonable since machine learning and marketing go hand-in-hand.

In this age, to complete one without the other is a mix-up no business can bear, not if they need to stay competitive. Data insights are more important than ever before, empowering for better customer engagement. It does not shock anyone that there is an increased dependence on data. Gartner research anticipates that over 75% of organizations will put resources into big data in the following two years...

It’s additionally critical to understand the difference between personalization and customization. The marketing system plays out the former for the client’s advantage, while the latter is an aftereffect of intentional decisions made by the customer to bore down to the ideal content. Personalization is predictive, so machine learning is getting to be essential to the effort. Let’s look at how machine learning can enhance personalisation.
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Source: Analytics Insight

What Is Deep Learning? | PCMag

Ben Dickson, software engineer and tech blogger explains, Deep learning is a subset of machine learning, a branch of artificial intelligence that configures computers to perform tasks through experience. Here's a deep dive.
 

Deep learning, an advanced artificial intelligence technique, has become increasingly popular in the past few years, thanks to abundant data and increased computing power. It's the main technology behind many of the applications we use every day, including online language translation and automated face-tagging in social media.

This technology has also proved useful in healthcare: Earlier this year, computer scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) used deep learning to create a new computer program for detecting breast cancer.

Classic models had required engineers to manually define the rules and logic for detecting cancer, but for this new model, the scientists gave a deep-learning algorithm 90,000 full-resolution mammogram scans from 60,000 patients and let it find the common patterns between scans of patients who ended up with breast cancer and those who didn't. It's able to predict breast cancer up to five years in advance, a considerable improvement over previous risk-prediction models...

The Future of Deep Learning
Earlier this year, the pioneers of deep learning were awarded the Turing Award, the computer science equivalent of the Nobel Prize. But the work on deep learning and neural networks is far from over. Various efforts are in the works to improve deep learning.
Read more...

Source: PCMag

How One Mathematician Solved a 2,000-Year-Old Camera Lens Problem | Technology - Popular Mechanics

David Grossman, staff writer for PopularMechanics.com explains, It's frustrated photographers and scientists for centuries.

Photo: CSA ImagesGetty ImagesIt's a problem that has plagued photography since its creation: soft edges. No matter how high-quality the camera, math has dictated that the curve of optical lenses would always be slightly softer than the center. At least, that was the problem until Rafael G. González-Acuña, a doctoral student at Mexico’s Tecnológico de Monterrey, up and solved it.
The problem goes back thousands of years to the Greek mathematician Diocles. A (far less famous) contemporary of Aristotle, Diocles wrote a book titled Burning Mirrors. In that book, Diocles described what would become known as a "spherical aberration."...
But Héctor A. Chaparro-Romo, a doctoral student at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), had a feeling that the problem could be solved. So he began working on a solution three years ago, and eventually invited González-Acuña to solve it with him.Read more...
Source: Popular Mechanics

Mathematicians develop new statistical indicator | Mathematics - Phys.Org

Most of us know this phenomenon only too well: when it's hot outside, you feel the urge for a cooling ice cream. But would you have thought that mathematics could be involved? by TU Dresden.

Photo: Pexels
Let us explain: The rising temperatures and rising ice consumption are two statistical variables in linear dependence; they are correlated.
In statistics, correlations are important for predicting the future behaviour of variables. Such scientific forecasts are frequently requested by the media, be it for football or election results.

To measure linear dependence, scientists use the so-called correlation coefficient, which was first introduced by the British natural scientist Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) in the 1870s. Shortly afterwards, the mathematician Karl Pearson provided a formal mathematical justification for the correlation coefficient. Therefore, mathematicians also speak of the "Pearson product-moment correlation" or the "Pearson correlation."...

Martin Keller-Ressel explains: "To calculate the dependence measure, not only the values of the observed variables themselves, but also their mutual distances are recorded and from these distance matrices, the distance multivariance is calculated. This intermediate step allows for the detection of complex dependencies, which the usual correlation coefficient would simply ignore. Our method can be applied to questions in bioinformatics, where big data sets need to be analysed."
Read more... 

Additional resources
Björn Böttcher et al. Distance multivariance: New dependence measures for random vectors, The Annals of Statistics (2019).  
DOI: 10.1214/18-AOS1764 

Source: Phys.Org

30 hot Canadian classical musicians under 30, 2019 edition | Music - CBC.ca

Meet the next generation of classical music stars, suggest Robert Rowat, producer at CBC Music.

They're winning big competitions and prizes, making exciting debuts, graduating from top music schools — and we think they're amazing. 
Photo: John Paik, Mike Capson, Simeon Rusnak
It's a beloved summer tradition at CBC Music: our classical "30 under 30" list, celebrating the accomplishments of Canada's hottest young classical musicians.

Last year, Canadians cleaned up at some of the world's biggest international classical music competitions. This year's inductees into CBC Music's classical "30 under 30" community are continuing that winning trend...

And now, meet this year's 30 hot Canadian classical musicians under 30, from oldest to youngest.
Read more...  

Source: CBC.ca

Asia Minute: No Age Limit on Learning | Asia Minute - Hawaiipublicradio

Bill Dorman, news director of Hawai‘i Public Radio says, Now that August has arrived, many households in Hawaii are making back-to-school plans. 

Photo: mycarmcarm / PixabayBut in some places, graduation ceremonies are not that far in the past. In Australia, the University of Melbourne recently held a commencement ceremony with a record-setting graduate.

Lorna Prendergast just graduated from the University of Melbourne with a Masters Degree in studies relating to aging. It’s a topic she’s familiar with, because she’s 90 years old. She had a very specific focus — looking at how music can provide relief for periods of time to people who are suffering from dementia.

Lorna also had to do all of this remotely because she lives in a small country town nearly 200 miles outside Melbourne. 

The retired librarian completed her entire Master’s degree program online...

As for Lorna, she says she’s taking a short break right now before moving on to her next project.
Read more...

Source: Hawaiipublicradio

Lifelong Learning Institute to hold annual open house | Harper College News

Adults ages 50 and over are invited to learn more about Harper College's Lifelong Learning Institute at its annual open house on August 13., inform Harper College News Bureau.
 
Photo: Harper College NewsImagine an experiential- and discussion-based learning program for mature adults that offers fresh, relevant and fun courses in a seminar format. That means no exams or homework – just spirited discussions, hands-on activities and new connections. 

That means no exams or homework – just spirited discussions, hands-on activities and new connections.

The Lifelong Learning Institute (ages 50+) at Harper College provides mature adults with an opportunity to do just that through an array of exciting and engaging courses.
The community is invited to learn more at LLI’s annual meet and greet information session from 2 to 4 p.m. Tuesday, August 13, at the Wojcik Conference Center, room W218, on Harper’s main campus, 1200 W. Algonquin Road, Palatine...

To find out more about the Lifelong Learning Institute and reserve seating for the information session, call Delores McConnell at 847.925.6872 or visit harpercollege.edu/lli.  

Source: Harper College News

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