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The History of Philosophy by AC Grayling, review: all the way from Aristotle to Zeno | Book reviews - Telegraph.co.uk

To write a history of philosophy is as thankless a task as cleaning a house by Jane O'Grady, The Telegraph.

Vatican fresco The School of Athens, 1509-1511, by Raphael
Photo: Getty Images However thorough the cleaner (or author) has been, what will be commented on is the patch of dust they have missed. And whereas what counts as dirt is fairly obvious, what counts as philosophy is itself a philosophical problem.  A history of science can discuss past scientific concepts either as mistaken attempts to fill explanatory gaps (phlogiston, caloric, the ether) or as place-markers that have been subsequently given content (genes, heat, electricity); as superseded stages on a journey, or fads that are now abandoned.

In philosophy, however, ideas now current make little sense without understanding their origins, these being not only the clue to their meaning, but, usually, concepts that must be freshly reinterpreted themselves. A history of philosophy, therefore, is not so much a charting of that discipline’s past as a reliving and rethinking of it. Dead philosophers need to be discussed as if they were still talking to us, perennial speakers in an ongoing conversation. Yet they must also be treated as products of their own particular eras if anachronism is to be avoided.

The philosopher A C Grayling carries off this unwieldy project with wit and grace, deftly juggling its contradictory problems. Inevitably there will be nit-pickers who enumerate the philosophers and parts of philosophy that he has neglected in his history, or complain that it predictably begins with the ancient Greek Thales in about 600BC (Grayling happily admits he is telling the “orthodox story”)...

From Descartes in the 17th century, distinguishing the mind from anything that occupies space, we glide easily to what that distinction, and its accruing problems, later became – the tantalising mind-body problem – and the ways in which subsequent philosophers have tackled it.  We see Hobbes as a Royalist who fled the republican aftermath of the English Civil War, and who defended absolute monarchy by declaring “self-contradictory” those citizens who rebelled against protective tyranny when they had deliberately sacrificed certain freedoms so as to gain it...
Read more... 

Recommended Reading

The History of PhilosophySource: Telegraph.co.uk

Best of arXiv.org for AI, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning – May 2019 | insideBIGDATA

In this recurring monthly feature, we filter recent research papers appearing on the arXiv.org preprint server for compelling subjects relating to AI, machine learning and deep learning – from disciplines including statistics, mathematics and computer science – and provide you with a useful “best of” list for the past month.

Researchers from all over the world contribute to this repository as a prelude to the peer review process for publication in traditional journals. arXiv contains a veritable treasure trove of learning methods you may use one day in the solution of data science problems. We hope to save you some time by picking out articles that represent the most promise for the typical data scientist. The articles listed below represent a fraction of all articles appearing on the preprint server. They are listed in no particular order with a link to each paper along with a brief overview. Especially relevant articles are marked with a “thumbs up” icon. Consider that these are academic research papers, typically geared toward graduate students, post docs, and seasoned professionals. They generally contain a high degree of mathematics so be prepared.

Enjoy and take a cup of ☕️coffee! 

Source: insideBIGDATA    

Free digital course targets aspiring animators | Career Moves - ITWeb

Dieketseng Montsi, ITWeb senior news journalist notes, In an attempt to hone learners’ digital storytelling skills, Triggerfish has partnered with Goethe-Institut and the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development to launch the Triggerfish Academy, a free digital learning platform.

Photo: ITWeb
Triggerfish is a Cape Town-based film and entertainment company, which says it has produced two of the top five highest-grossing South African feature films: Adventures in Zambezia (2012) and Khumba (2013).

The Goethe-Institut is the Federal Republic of Germany's cultural institute, which provides information on Germany’s cultural, social and political life.

The collaborative initiative will teach participants animation techniques...

Another partnership was launched last week for animators, where the Tshimologong Digital Innovation Precinctcollaborated with French-based school, Gobelins, to teach visual development skills in animation to prospective animators.

Source: ITWeb

Bringing "small" teaching into the online classroom | Digital Learning - Inside Higher Ed

Author of new book, by Flower Darby, eLearning professional, explains how she has adapted James Lang's principles for the virtual classroom, to help online instructors produce better learning.

Small Teaching Online:  
Applying Learning Science in Online ClassesIn the three years since it was published, James Lang's Small Teaching: Everyday Lessons From the Science of Learning has been widely recognized as an essential resource about effective teaching and learning. The book has helped to make Lang, a professor of English and director of the D'Amour Center for Teaching Excellence at Assumption College, a highly sought expert on using learning science to update teaching practices for today's environment.
But the book, Lang is the first to admit, had little to say about teaching in a digital environment, as growing numbers of instructors do. That's because Lang himself hasn't taught online.
That struck Flower Darby as an opportunity. When Lang spoke at Northern Arizona University, where Darby is a senior instructional designer (she also teaches online there as well as at Estrella Mountain Community College), the two connected (we'll let her tell the story below). The result is Small Teaching Online: Applying Learning Science in Online Classes (Jossey-Bass), written by Darby with insights from Lang.
Darby answered questions about her book via email.
Source: Inside Higher Ed

5 Reasons Why Online Learning Trumps A Traditional Classroom Setting | Community - Thrive Global

Sarah Muwombi, freelance writer says, Why online learning is more effective.

Photo: Thrive GlobalWhen you think of online learning, your mind probably runs wild with exciting thoughts and ideas. For me, it’s all about the freedom of enjoying my classes from my home, and according to my schedule. During my study time, I’ll be outside my house sitting on a hammock with a Lewis Road-Chocolate Milk in hand and my computer on my lap.

I would have preferred a glass of Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc, but I’m a mum with children running around the house, so if anything I need to be alert. With a couple of different tasks to juggle in a day, I need the flexibility and freedom to study and be present when my kids need me...

I don’t want you to watch from the sidelines, so today I’ll share with you a few secrets on why you should join the online learning bandwagon.

Source: Thrive Global

Threesixty partners with e-learning provider for 'suite' of courses | Your profession - www.professionaladviser.com

First module launched today by Sophie King, Reporter at Professional Adviser.

"The demand for good-quality financial advice continues to grow and, with it, so does the need for relevant, high-quality training and development"
Photo: Threesixty's Russel Facer The support service provider's 'Anti-Money Laundering' module, which was the first to be released, is already available to Threesixty clients.

The firm said more modules were set to be released over the next few months, covering topics such as the Senior Managers & Certification Regime, data protection, human resources, and maintaining and developing a successful business...

"This new relationship further enhances our learning and development provision to clients, giving them access to high-quality development support in key areas of their business in the comfort of their own homes and offices."

Source: www.professionaladviser.com

What Everyone Should Know About About Managing Gen Z | Wisdom - Thrive Global

Here's how to get the best out of a generation with strikingly different expectations and motivations than any generation before it, according to Stephanie Fairyington, contributing writer at Thrive Global. 

Photo: courtesy of G-Stock Studio / ShutterstockCarrie Viohl, the co-owner of The Square, a restaurant in Moultrie, Georgia, manages a team of Gen Zers (those born between 1997 and 2012, the oldest of whom are just entering the workforce). But she wasn’t optimistic about hiring them at first. “Restaurant life is hard. It’s demanding work. We went through hundreds of employees in the first year of the restaurant — people would show up and not even finish their shift,” she tells Thrive Global. Initially, she believed the worst stereotypes about Gen Z, including a greater propensity to ghost employers, and wouldn’t consider bringing them aboard. “I thought they’d be even worse than the people we’d been hiring,” she says. But when she finally did, she realized some facts she hasn’t foreseen.

Some of the emerging criticisms hurled at Gen Z  — they’re non-resilient, extremely anxious, addicted to screens, perpetually stressed, and hyper-sensitive — are, in fact, supported by several studies, books, surveys and news reports, including Thrive Global’s own Thrive on Campus, which investigated the complicated reasons college students today are suffering the highest rates of anxiety and depression in history — so much so their school’s mental health facilities can’t accommodate their needs. As Gen Z enters the workforce, employers are scrambling to address their mental health needs, which cost the global economy $1 trillion annually, according to the World Health Organization. In fact, the quest to create a culture sensitive to their vulnerabilities so resonated with employers that a Wall Street Journal article on the topic, “The Most Anxious Generation Goes to Work,” went viral earlier this year...

Generation Z Leads:
A Guide for Developing the
Leadership Capacity of
Generation Z Students Roberta Katz, Ph.D., a researcher at Stanford University who studies Gen Z and is co-authoring a book on them, explains why their quest for meaning and purpose outweighs other considerations. “This group, from a very early age, was being exposed to a lot of human suffering,” she tells Thrive. Having grown up amid chronic mass shootings, two wars, the Great Recession and an inescapable and disturbing 24/7 news cycles has made them acutely aware of the precariousness of life, and may give them an urgency to make each moment count, she says. “Their desire to make a difference may also stem from witnessing the complex problems facing society today through the overwhelming amount of news and information they are exposed to, and wanting to help solve those problems,” Corey Seemiller, the co-author of Generation Z Leads: A Guide for Developing the Leadership Capacity of Generation Z Students, told Thrive.  

Source: Thrive Global

How E-learning Could Help You in a Career Change | E-learning - Entrepreneur

This is how e-learning allows you to learn and implement new skills on online projects at affordable prices and from the comfort of your homes by Sarvesh Agrawal, Founder & CEO at Internshala. 

Photo: Shutterstock.comIn the past, landing a secure job with a guaranteed pension was regarded as the ultimate career highlight. Relatively, people have now become more comfortable with experimenting and stepping out of their comfort zones. Today, if people’s aspirations do not align with their job profiles, they never hesitate to take the tough career change decisions.

A career change in the modern world has completely transformed the concept of sticking with one job throughout your life. Career change isn’t simple though; imagine securing a degree in commerce, staying employed for more than 3 years in the same field, and then planning to take up something technical! Earlier, unless you had a time machine, it wouldn’t have been possible to change your stream after class 10th. Fortunately, now with the advent of e-learning and a shift in hiring requirements, skills are given more importance than a degree...

Role of E-learning in a Career Change
Career change comes with multiple complications. It might require you to upgrade your skills or learn new ones while you are already juggling with your personal life and current job. In such case,  when enrolling in a full-time course is not possible along with handling multiple responsibilities, online learning comes to your aid. Forbes, in one of their articles, mentioned that as per a report by Brandon Hall Group, learning online consumes 40per cent to 60per cent less time than learning the same thing in a traditional classroom.

Source: Entrepreneur

The Beauty in Numbers, and the Numbers in Beauty | Neuroscience, brain science - Psychology Today

Oscar Fernandez, Ph.D., associate professor of mathematics at Wellesley College and the Faculty Director of the College’s Pforzheimer Learning and Teaching Center explains, How mathematics helps us explain beauty.

Fibonacci number.
The golden rectangle (left) and golden spiral (right).
Source: Wikipedia: Fibonacci number
You’ve no doubt heard the phrase "beauty is in the eye of the beholder." What if the beholder is a mathematician? How do these creatures see beauty differently than others? Are there patterns to beauty? And if so, are they mathematical patterns?

Let me whisk you away on a short adventure that answers these questions and leaves you, at its conclusion, seeing beauty as some mathematicians do...

While there are many exceptions to the math-beauty connection I've highlighted, as I hope you now better appreciate, mathematics and beauty are often interlinked, and I hope this article has given you a new lens with which to view your surroundings and find the hidden beauty in it.

Indeed, the next time you see something beautiful I encourage you to ask, "Why do I find this beautiful?" You'll be starting to think like a mathematician—whose fundamental drive is to find and explain patterns—and I'm willing to bet the answer to your question will involve some beautiful mathematics.

Source: Psychology Today

The 46 New Skills You Can Now Learn on LinkedIn Learning | New Courses - LinkedIn Learning

Paul Petrone, Editor - LinkedIn Learning suggest, Each week presents a new opportunity for you and your team to learn the skills necessary to take on the next big challenge.

Photo:  Learning Blog - LinkedIn Learning
And, at LinkedIn Learning, we want to do everything we can to help make that happen.

So, each week, we add to our 14,000+ course library. And this past week was no different, as we added 46 new courses covering everything from graphic design to collaborative leadership to an intro to virtual reality filmmaking.

The new courses now available on LinkedIn Learning are:

Additional resources  
Want to see what else we offer?
View all of LinkedIn Learning's 14,000+ courses today.

Source: LinkedIn Learning 

Education Statistics: Facts About American Schools | Statistics - Education Week

This page will be updated when new federal data becomes available.
How many K-12 public schools, districts, and students are there? What does the American student population look like? And how much are we, as a nation, spending on the education of these youth? by Maya Riser-Kositsky, librarian for Education Week. 

Photo: Education WeekThese data points can give perspective to the implications and potential impact of education policies. The Education Week library provides answers to these questions, and some other enlightening facts, below.

Jump to a Section:Schools and Districts | Students | Teachers and Principals | School Spending
Read more... 

Source: Education Week 

Six New Minors Added for 2019-20 | Illinois Wesleyan University

In addition to the more than 80 majors, minors, and programs already available to students, Illinois Wesleyan University is adding six new minors and concentrations for the 2019-20 academic year, inform Katie Fata, Vice President of Public Relations.

Photo: Illinois Wesleyan University

Starting in the fall of 2019, students can declare themselves as any one of the following new minors:
Actuarial Science
Expanding on the math major and the newly added actuarial science concentration, the actuarial science minor gives students the opportunity to gain the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in the field through an interdisciplinary program.

Source: Illinois Wesleyan University

Music students do better in school than non-musical peers | Music - Science Daily

High school students who take music courses score significantly better on math, science and English exams than their non-musical peers, according to a new study.
High school students who take music courses score significantly better on math, science and English exams than their non-musical peers, according to a new study published in the Journal of Educational Psychology.

Photo: Teddy from Pexels School administrators needing to trim budgets often look first to music courses, because the general belief is that students who devote time to music rather than math, science and English, will underperform in those disciplines.

"Our research proved this belief wrong and found the more the students engage with music, the better they do in those subjects," said UBC education professor and the study's principal investigator, Peter Gouzouasis. "The students who learned to play a musical instrument in elementary and continued playing in high school not only score significantly higher, but were about one academic year ahead of their non-music peers with regard to their English, mathematics and science skills, as measured by their exam grades, regardless of their socioeconomic background, ethnicity, prior learning in mathematics and English, and gender.".

Gouzouasis and his team examined data from all students in public schools in British Columbia who finished Grade 12 between 2012 and 2015... 

The researchers hope that their findings are brought to the attention of students, parents, teachers and administrative decision-makers in education, as many school districts over the years have emphasized numeracy and literacy at the cost of other areas of learning, particularly music.

Journal Reference:
1. Martin Guhn, Scott D. Emerson, Peter Gouzouasis. A population-level analysis of associations between school music participation and academic achievement.. Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019; DOI: 10.1037/edu0000376
    Source: Science Daily

    Are we running out of numbers? | Analysis - Metro.co.uk

    What’s the biggest number you can think of? by Alex Hudson, Deputy Editor.

    It may be the answer for everything but we don’t think it’s the highest number you can think of
    Photo: Ella Byworth for Metro.co.uk
    A billion? A trillion? A quadrillion? A sextillion? A tredecillion? A googol? A googolplex? 

    There’s a schoolyard joke about infinity+1 being the largest number in existence. The problem is that infinity+1 still equals infinity. 

    Infinityinfinity? Still infinity...

    Graham’s number holds the Guinness World Record for the biggest specific integer used in a published mathematical proof. 

    It is to solve a problem in Ramsey theory around an n-dimensional hypercube (if you even understand that tiny piece of the theory, you’re doing better than us).

    Source: Metro.co.uk

    Two new books will transform your everyday understanding of math | Books - Quartz

    Ephrat Livni, writer and lawyer recommends, Perfectly smart adults feel intimidated by numbers and aren’t ashamed to say, “I hate math.” Two new books could help change that by making the dreaded topic relevant and accessible to naturalists, artsy types, the philosophically inclined, and committed calculators alike.

    Barack Obama went full math in Brooklyn in 2013.
    Both Math Art: Truth, Beauty, and Equations, by Stephen Ornes, and Eight Lessons on Infinity: A Mathematical Adventure, by Haim Shapira, illuminate an old lesson your math teachers probably tried to convey when you were a kid: Math dominates our lives even while we try with all our might to ignore it.

    As Ornes explains in the introduction, math art isn’t new. Since ancient times, humans have visualized math in creative works...
    Creative works inspired by math
    In Math Art, released in April, science writer Ornes examines creative works inspired by math. It’s an aesthetically pleasing book with a delightfully tactile cover and satisfyingly thick and glossy pages that make it as fun to flip through as a fashion magazine. Chapters are dedicated to different concepts like pi, the golden ratio, equations in nature, and hyperbolic geometry. All of which may sound scary to the uninitiated but gain appeal when illustrated through sculpture, crochet, and painting.

    Grab a pencil
    In Eight Lessons on Infinity—released in April—Shapira, an Israeli author and math, psychology, and philosophy professor, works with a related theme. He contends that math is fun and accessible and is determined to bring mathematical thinking to the masses. The fact that we choose to see ourselves as math types or art types is a mistake, Shapira argues, and his book shows that solving problems with numbers is an entry way to philosophical exploration.
    Unlike Ornes’ book, Shapira’s text is chock-full of math problems he challenges the reader to solve, all with the goal of attempting to make sense of infinity (which can’t really be conceived by anyone). Shapira avoids frightening formulas, walking readers through the questions gently. It’s a funny, playful work, best read with a notebook and pencil nearby as he is not shy about making readers do the math.
    Read more... 

    Recommended Reading
    Math Art: Truth, Beauty, and Equations

    Eight Lessons on Infinity:
    A Mathematical AdventureSource: Quartz


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